14 06, 2020

Posterolateral corner of the knee

By |2020-06-14T21:07:27+02:00June 14th, 2020|Reviewed chapters|

The main stabilizers of the posterolateral corner of the knee are the lateral collateral ligament, the biceps femoris tendon and the popliteus tendon (Figs. [see App]). Since they play a major role in joint stability, it is crucial to detect their injury (Figs. [see App]). Injuries to the posterolateral corner often occur with tears of the anterior or posterior cruciate ligament. They are particularly common when there are contusions of the anteromedial femoral condyle and the posteromedial tibial plateau. Gaeslin et al. 2010 Furthermore, the term "posterolateral corner" refers to a unit of [...]

20 04, 2020

Turf toe

By |2020-04-20T22:53:19+02:00April 20th, 2020|Reviewed chapters|

The term turf toe refers to hyperextension injuries of the first metatarslophalangeal joint, originally described in football players on artificial turf ("astroturf"). Anatomy: The sesamoid bones are fixed proximally by thin, usually invisible metatarso-sesamoid ligaments and distally by strong sesamophalangeal ligaments. In addition, the tendons of the two heads of the flexor hallucis brevis muscle attach proximally into the sesamoid bones. Laterally, they are connected to the capsule by the accessory collateral ligaments. The abductor hallucis tendon merges laterally with this complex and the adductor hallucis tendon and the deep transverse [...]