Turf toe

By |2022-07-28T11:41:44+02:00April 20th, 2020|Reviewed chapters|

The term turf toe refers to hyperextension injuries of the first metatarslophalangeal joint, originally described in football players on artificial turf ("astroturf"). Anatomy: The sesamoid bones are fixed proximally by thin, usually invisible metatarso-sesamoid ligaments and distally by strong sesamophalangeal ligaments. In addition, the tendons of the two heads of the flexor hallucis brevis muscle attach proximally into the sesamoid bones. Laterally, they are connected to the capsule by the accessory collateral ligaments. The abductor hallucis tendon merges laterally with this complex and the adductor hallucis tendon and the deep transverse [...]